One highly influential set of theories stems from the work of Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud, who first proposed the theory of psychoanalysis.
During this time, an infant is focused with receiving oral pleasure. This occurs through breast or bottle feeding, or sucking on a pacifier.
It is believed that if an infant receives too much or too little oral stimulation, they may develop a fixation or a personality trait that is fixated on oral gratification. It is believed that these people may focus on activities that involve the mouth such as over eating, biting the fingernails, smoking, or drinking.
The theory states that these people may develop personality traits such as becoming extremely gullible or naive, always following others and never taking the lead, and becoming extremely dependent upon others. It is believed that when a child becomes fixated on receiving pleasure through controlling and eliminating feces, a child can become obsessed with control, perfection, and cleanliness.
This is often referred to as anal retentive, while anal expulsive is the opposite. Those who are anal expulsive may be extremely disorganized, live in chaos, and are known for making messes. Phallic Stage Freud believes the phallic stage or the Oedipus or Electra complexes occurs during a child is three to six years of age.
The belief is that male children harbor unconscious, sexual attraction to their mothers, while female children develop a sexual attraction to their father. Freud taught that young boys also deal with feelings of rivalry with their father.
These feelings naturally resolve once the child begins to identify with their same sex parent. By identifying with the same sex parent, the child continues with normal, healthy sexual development.
If a child becomes fixated during this phase, the result could be sexual deviance or a confused sexual identity. This stage is said to last from the age of six until a child enters puberty. Most children throughout this age form same sex friendships and play in a manner that is non-sexual.
Unconscious sexual desires and thoughts remain repressed. Genital Stage Freud believed that after the unconscious, sexual desires are repressed and remain dormant during the latency stage, they are awakened due to puberty. This stage begins at puberty and develops with the physiology changes brought on through hormones.
The prior stages of development result in a focus on the genitals as a source for pleasure and teens develop and explore attractions to the opposite sex.
The genital stage is the last stage of the psychosexual development theory. How to cite this page Choose cite format:> Universal Neurosis Essay Research Paper Sigmund Freud.
personality. Alternatively, he placed his religion in ground and scientific.
analysis believing that beliefs shaped by wants can non be good. Let us write you a custom essay sample. Ernest from Parsonscollegemuseum. Published: Mon, 5 Dec This paper explores the first three stages of Sigmund Freud’s Theory of Psychosocial Development and Erik Erickson’s Psychosocial Development side by side.
Sigmund Freud’s theory of personality is both relevant and non-relevant in today’s society.
His theory of consciousness is very important as a foundation for understanding human thought and behavior. The free psychology research paper (Sigmund Freud essay) presented on this page should not be viewed as a sample of our on-line writing service.
If you need fresh and competent research / writing on psychology, use the professional writing service offered by our company. Sigmund Freud: Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality According to Sigmund Freud, the key to a healthy personality is a balance between the Id, the Ego and the Superego.
The Id, the Ego and the Superego are three theoretical constructs, in terms of whose activity and interactions, the mental life can be described and complex human behaviours formed. Nov 29, · Sigmund Freud and Carl Rogers were two influential men in psychology, who developed theories that made assumptions regarding personality.
The effect the theories had on psychology helped to further psychology as a science, and helped in bettering the treatment of patients and understanding how and why personalities develop.