The Stamp Act Controversy When Britain repealed the Stamp Act in — only a year after it had been issued — colonists celebrated in the streets, as this satirical cartoon from depicts. Something was dreadfully wrong in the American colonies. All of sudden after over a century and a half of permitting relative self-rule, Britain was exercising direct influence over colonial life.
The colonial representatives had no alternative proposals in mind and said it should be left up to the colonial legislatures to decide.
The stamp act said he wanted to lay the tax "by means the most easy and least objectionable to the Colonies. On February 12, Franklin and Thomas Pownall, a former Royal Governor of Massachusetts, met with Grenville to propose an alternative plan The stamp act raise the money.
Their plan was to have the colonies issue paper money at interest, but Grenville ignored their proposal. Remember, he had already passed the Currency Act which banned the colonies from printing money?
Soon after, Parliament began a short debate over the passage of the Stamp Act. Jared Ingersoll, Connecticut's representative to the Crown, sat in the audience listening.
The same day he wrote back to the Royal Governor of Connecticut, Thomas Fitch about what had transpired. At one point, Charles Townshend, who would be the later author of the Townshend Actswhich further aggravated the colonists, asked: In response to Townshend's question, he replied: Colonel Isaac Barr "They planted by your care?
Your oppression planted 'em in America. They fled from your tyranny to a then uncultivated and unhospitable country where they exposed themselves to almost all the hardships to which human nature is liable, and among others to the cruelties of a savage foe, the most subtle, and I take upon me to say, the most formidable of any people upon the face of God's earth They grew by your neglect of 'em.
As soon as you began to care about 'em, that care was exercised in sending persons to rule over 'em, in one department and another, who were perhaps the deputies of deputies to some member of this house, sent to spy out their liberty, to misrepresent their actions and to prey upon 'em; men whose behaviour on many occasions has caused the blood of those sons of liberty to recoil within them They protected by your arms?
They have nobly taken up arms in your defence, have exerted a valour amidst their constant and laborious industry for the defence of a country whose frontier, while drenched in blood, its interior parts have yielded all its little savings to your emolument.
The people I believe are as truly loyal as any subjects the king has, but a people jealous of their liberties and who will vindicate them if ever they should be violated; but the subject is too delicate and I will say no more.
Groups formed in all the colonies to exchange information, enforce non-importation agreements and plan resistance activities. Women and girls formed "Daughters of Liberty" groups as well, pledging to make their own cloth at home to put pressure on British merchants in hopes of forcing them to lobby Parliament to repeal the Act.
The Sons of Liberty even developed their own flag, known as the Sons of Liberty Flagwhich was often flown from "Liberty Trees" where colonists met to plan resistance against the authorities. The Stamp Act was given royal assent on March 22, When word of its passage was received in the colonies, Governor William Tryon in North Carolina wrote to the King that he had interviewed John Ashe, the current Speaker of the House of Representatives in North Carolina, to gauge what would be the response of the colonists to the Stamp Act.
Ashe told him this act would be "resisted to blood and death. The paper had a tax on it and had to be bought from a government stamped-paper office.
The stamp was not a stamp in the sense of a small piece of paper with glue on the back that is affixed to an envelope like we use today.
Instead a more similar modern day equivalent would be the notary stamp that is used to mark official documents. A notary public takes someone's official document, looks it over, observes them sign the document and records the transaction, then stamps the document with a hand pressed stamp that indents the paper with certain official words and symbols identifying the time, date and name of the notary.
This is similar to how the Stamp Act stamps worked. The raised stamp was imprinted on the paper and then the paper was sold to the customer.
Another method that would have been used in the colonies involved the stamp being stamped on a small piece of blue paper that was affixed to the paper document by a small piece of tin foil attached to it.
The tin foil was run through the paper and flattened on the back much like the clasp on a large Manilla envelope works today. Anyone caught using any documents without the proper stamp that were supposed to be printed on stamped paper would be breaking the law.
There are fewer than 60 recorded instances of Stamps actually being used as required by the Stamp Act, most of them from Georgia or Quebec. Georgia was the only one of the 13 colonies that were to become the United States where stamps were used and then only for a period of one day.
The differing types of stamps were used for different types of documents. You can click on each stamp to see a larger image.
The Stamp Act called for the taxing of 54 separate items including diplomas, marriage licenses, newspapers, pamphlets, playing cards, court documents, legal proceedings, fines, legal licenses, shipping bills, contracts, liquor licenses, public appointments, grants, deeds, warrants, almanacs, calendars, playing cards and even dice maybe they were wrapped in paper?
These items were taxed anywhere from a few shillings pennies up to ten pounds. So basically most official documents or anything else printed on paper, anything less than a book, was taxed.
Stamps and stamped paper were to be created in England and shipped to America where they would be managed and sold by Stamp Distributors appointed by the Crown who were to be stationed in various cities around the colonies.
The stamps had to be paid for in British sterling silver pounds, not in colonial paper currency. All of the money raised with the tax was to stay within the colonies and be spent on supplying and housing British troops and was not to be sent back to Britain.
Prime Minister Grenville believed this would encourage the colonists to support the Act, because it would increase demand for those businesses supplying goods and services to the troops.The Stamp Act Controversy When Britain repealed the Stamp Act in — only a year after it had been issued — colonists celebrated in the streets, as this satirical cartoon from depicts.
Something was dreadfully wrong in the American colonies. The Stamp Act was repealed out of expediency, not because American arguments about taxation had been accepted in England. As a face-savings gesture, however, Parliament approved the Declaratory Act (March ), which stated in part that Parliament.
The Stamp Act Congress met in the Federal Hall building in New York City between October 7 and 25, It was the first colonial action against a British measure and was formed to protest the issued by British Parliament on March an act of the British Parliament for raising revenue in the American Colonies by requiring the use of stamps and stamped paper for official documents, commercial writings, and various articles: it was to go into effect on November 1, , but met with intense opposition and was repealed in March.
The Stamp Act Congress met in the Federal Hall building in New York City between October 7 and 25, It was the first colonial action against a British measure and was formed to protest the issued by British Parliament on March Completely unexpected was the avalanche of protest from the colonists, who effectively nullified the Stamp Act by outright refusal to use the stamps as well as by riots, stamp burning, and intimidation of colonial stamp distributors.