Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are the first peoples of Australia. There is a great diversity of cultures, languageskinship structures and ways of life among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples across Australia.
The death rate among the Indigenous population was more than twice the death rate for the total Australian population. The infant mortality rate for Indigenous Australians 11 deaths per 1, live births was twice the infant mortality rate for all Australians 5.
Indigenous people were more than three times more likely to report some form of diabetes than non-Indigenous Australians. This rate has improved since when Aboriginal rights and freedoms essay unemployment was CDEP is not available to all Indigenous peoples.
Indigenous unemployment rates rise significantly if participants in CDEP are counted as unemployed. Nationally, the imprisonment rate for Indigenous adults at June was approximately 15 times that for non-Indigenous adults. Western Australia recorded the highest imprisonment rate for Indigenous people 2, Indigenous persons perIndigenous people followed by New South Wales at approximately 2, perIndigenous youth aged 10 to 17 years were Although Indigenous people are now less likely to die in police custody compared to 20 years ago, they are more likely to die in prison custody.
From67 Indigenous people died in police custody and 39 in prison custody. From21 Indigenous people died in police custody and 93 in prison custody. Of the 69 deaths, 14 were Indigenous people. Accurate statistics about the incidence of violence against women in Indigenous communities are scarce.
However, research suggests that Indigenous women and children are more than 45 times more likely to be victims of domestic violence and more than 8 times more likely to be victims of homicide. Do Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples get special treatment from the government?
Generally, Indigenous people receive the same level of public benefits as non-Indigenous people. Individuals do not get extra funding because they are Indigenous. However, specific government programs, not additional income, have been introduced for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples because they are the most economically and socially disadvantaged group in Australia.
Special programs are necessary to help overcome disadvantage. Examples of programs specifically designed to meet Indigenous needs include: Aboriginal Medical Services and Aboriginal Legal Services - provide cost-free medical and legal services.
The Indigenous Employment Programme - provides flexible financial assistance to help create employment and training opportunities for Indigenous people in the private sector. The Indigenous Education Strategic Initiatives Programme IESIP - provides supplementary funding to pre-schools, schools and vocational education and training providers to help improve educational outcomes for Indigenous students.
These programs supplement those available to the mainstream population. They are necessary because Indigenous people do not generally use mainstream services at the same rate as non-Indigenous people and because the level of Indigenous disadvantage is much more severe.
Medical and legal services for low income and migrant communities are also available in Australia. Details of spending on Indigenous education, health and housing.
The higher expenditure is a result of various factors including location delivering education in rural and remote locations is more expensive and lower than average income for Indigenous people which leads to a greater average need for assistance to students.
However, given the comparatively poor health indicators for Indigenous people, public expenditure on health services for Indigenous people was similar to that for non-Indigenous people in low income groups. The difference in health expenditure on Indigenous and non-Indigenous people reflects differences in income level, health status and cost of delivering health services to remote communities.
While Indigenous people are more likely to use state-funded health services hospitals and community health servicesIndigenous people are low users of the major Commonwealth-funded health programs such as Medicare and the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme.
The difference in John Deeble's and Access Economics' figure is because the latter is based on a greater estimate of Indigenous health needs.
What are the new arrangements for the administration of Indigenous affairs introduced by the Federal Government in ? In Aprilthe Federal Government announced the introduction of new arrangements for administering Indigenous affairs from 1 July The Federal Government established the following bodies to administer Indigenous Affairs: The Ministerial Taskforce on Indigenous Affairs - comprised of government ministers who set the direction for the Federal Government's approach to Indigenous affairs; The Secretaries Group on Indigenous Affairs - comprised of heads of federal government departments and reports to the Ministerial Taskforce; The National Indigenous Council - a Government appointed Board of Indigenous people to advise Government.The history of Australia is the history of the area and people of the Commonwealth of Australia and its preceding Indigenous and colonial societies.
Aboriginal Australians arrived on the Australian mainland by sea from Maritime Southeast Asia between 40, and 70, years ago. The artistic, musical and spiritual traditions they established are among the longest surviving such traditions in.
The Freedom to Speak - American and her soldiers have fought bravely in countless wars. The freedom achieved through those wars has given and taken the rights of American citizens. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are the first inhabitants of Australia.
Old definitions based on skin colour or percentages of 'Aboriginal blood' have been replaced by modern definitions which stress ancestry and identification as the key to Aboriginal identity.
DEC PROGRAMS (Diplôme d’études collégiales). Students who meet the admission requirements for a DEC program, are eligible to register on a part-time or full-time basis, in . Example Changing rights and freedoms essay 10/8/09 - Mrs Trumm Explain how the rights and freedoms of Aboriginal people have changed between and The rights and freedoms of Aboriginal people changed significantly between the years and A substantial amount of the money used by Queen Isabella to finance the explorations of Columbus came from the seizure and sale of properties owned by Spanish Jews and Muslims.
On March 30, , she issued an edict demanding that Jews either convert to Catholicism, leave the country, or be executed.